sadiyau dekhi ko aafnai bal le ra aafnai sadhan dwara des nirman garne
ichchya kahilei pura huna sakena. satta ma dekhine yautai ra
yathasthitibadhi ani swarthi neta haru le des lai samapta pare. Des ko
lagi niswartha ani ahoratra khatne haru sidhdhyaiya ani halimuhali bhayo
uhi yathasthitibadi haru ko. uni haru na ta des banauna nai chahanthe na
ta des banauna tamseka haru lai baki rakhthe.
janata chahanthe mukti tara badhak thiya uniharu. Bela Bela ma
janaaandolan bhaya ra bhairakhe pani chhan tara janabhabana ko kaile
pani kadar bhayana.kewal janata lai thagne kam matra bhayo ra nischit
boundry mai basnuparyo feri janatale.
BS.2007,2046,2063 ma kehi paribartan bhaya tara des nirman ko khaka
korne sawal ma yauta pani bekti safal bhayana.
2063 ko aandolan pachhi bhayako Madhesi aandolan tesai ko parinam ho.
aajhai pani janata mukti chahanchhan kewal mukti.
antama aafno satta ko lagi ra aafnai bahu le des nirman garna feri yauta
kranti garau ra sabai satta uktaudai aafno wa kewal janata ko satta
stapith garau. jyami, kisan, majdor ani bhariya ko pani aba stan rahos
yo des ma.
born Pushpa Kamal Dahal on December 11,
1954) is the leader of the
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
The CPN (M) leads the Nepalese People's Army, of which Prachanda is the
leader as well. Under his leadership, the CPN (M) launched the Nepalese People's War on the
13th of February 1996, and until recently had
been controlling large portions of
Prachanda's extension of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism to
take specific account of Nepal's situation is known as the
"Prachanda" is a nom de guerre along the lines of "Pancho Villa," "Hồ
Chí Minh," or "Subcomandante
Marcos." It can be literally translated as "the fierce one."
1 Personal life and early career
2 The Maoist insurrection
2.1 Relations with Bhattarai
2.2 Twelve point agreement
2.4 Interim government
Personal life and early career
Prachanda spent much of his childhood in the Chitwan District of
central-south of Nepal. His family are reported to have been
brahmins of modest means. He
received a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (BSc-Ag) from the
Institute Of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS) in Rampur, Chitwan and was
reportedly once employed at a rural development project sponsored by
USAID, the project site being
Inspired by the
Cultural Revolution in China,
he became active in insurrectionist Communist politics as early as the
He became general secretary (party leader) of the
Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal)
1986. This party, after a
number of mergers and splits, became the
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
underground even after the restoration of democracy in
1990. Until then a
little-known figure, he controlled the clandestine wing of the party
while the portion with parliamentary representation in the
United People's Front was
headed by Dr.
Baburam Bhattarai. Since 1996
Prachanda has become internationally known as the leader of the CPN (M)
military wing and overall leader.
The Maoist insurrection
Communist Party of NepalHistory
Current Communist GroupsWorkers
and Peasants PartyCPN
Defunct Communist GroupsNepal
parties in NepalElections
1996 Bhattarai gave the
government, led by Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, a list of
40 demands, threatening civil war if they were not met. The demands
related to "nationalism, democracy and livelihood" and included such
line items as the "domination of foreign capital in Nepali industries,
business and finance should be stopped," and "discriminatory treaties,
including the 1950 Nepal-India Treaty, should be abrogated," and "land
under the control of the feudal system should be confiscated and
distributed to the landless and the homeless."Since then, Prachanda has
directed the military efforts of the CPN (M) towards establishing a
so-called "base area" particularly in the mountainous regions and
The 40 demands were whittled down to 24 in subsequent political
Relations with Bhattarai
In late 2004 or early 2005, relations between Prachanda and Bhattarai
soured.This was reportedly due to
disagreement on a stance towards
India. It was claimed by some
media that Bhattarai may also have charged that Prachanda was
consolidating too much power into central leadership. It has since been
reported that they again appear close.
Twelve point agreement
2005 Prachanda and the Seven Party Alliance released
a "twelve-point agreement" that expresses areas of agreement between the
CP(M) and the parties that won a large majority in the last
parliamentary election in 1999. Among other points, this document states
that a dictatorial monarchy is the chief impediment to progress in
Nepal. It states further that the Maoists are committed to human rights
and press freedoms and a multi-party system of government. It pledges
self-criticism and the intention of the Maoists and the Seven Parties
not to repeat past mistakes.
Several ceasefires have occurred over the course of the Nepalese civil
war.  Most recently, on
April 2006 Nepalese general strike—
Kathmandu and elsewhere that
King Gyanendra to give up the
personal dictatorship he had established on the 1st of February 2005,
and restore the parliament that was dissolved in May 2002..
After that a new government was established by the Seven-Party Alliance.
The parliament and new government supported the ceasefire and asked for
negotiations with the Maoists on the basis of the twelve-point
agreement. The two sides agree that a new constituent assembly must be
elected, it must write a new constitution, and the king's grip on power
must be ended. The Maoists want this process to end with Nepal becoming
Many are skeptical of Prachanda's call for a multi-party democracy as it
does not seem to be compatible with orthodox Maoist ideology.
Prachanda met for talks with Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala on June
16, 2006, in what is thought to be his first visit to the capital
Kathmandu in more than a
decade. From this meeting there
resulted an agreement to dissolve parliament, incorporate the CPN (M)
into a new interim government, the drafting of a new constitution, and
the dissolution of the CPN (M)'s "people's governments" in the
countryside. The two sides also agreed to disarm at a later date, under
Name:- Madhav Rosyara
(Studying in Bachelor in science 3rd)
Phone No. :
9803152101(wel-come for sms)